Anne Marie Rafferty is Professor of Nursing Policy and Dean Emerita, Florence Nightingale Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, King’s College London. She trained in nursing (BSc Edinburgh University); clinical research MPhil (Surgery) Nottingham University as a historian (DPhil, Modern History) Oxford University and in health policy (Harkness Fellowship, University of Pennsylvania). She was the first nurse to gain a doctorate from Oxford University. She is a policy expert on the nursing workforce and worked with Lord Ara Darzi on the nursing contribution to the reform of the National Health Service in 2007-8. In 2008 was made Commander of the British Empire for services to healthcare by Her Majesty the Queen. She was a member of the Prime Minister’s Commission on the Future of Nursing and Midwifery 2009-10. She was recipient of the Nursing Times Leadership Award in 2014 and Health Services Journal Top 100 Clinical Leaders Award in 2015. She held the Distinguished International Visiting Professorship at the Bloomberg Faculty of Nursing, University of Toronto 2014-15 and is currently leading the Lancet Commission on Nursing in the UK.